If two scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are correct, people will still be driving gasoline-powered cars 50 years from now, giving out heat-trapping carbon dioxide into the atmosphere–and yet that carbon dioxide will not contribute to global warming. The scientists, F. Jeffrey Martin and William L. Kubic Jr. are proposing a concept, which they have patriotically named Green Freedom for removing carbon dioxide from the air and turning it back into gasoline.
The idea is simple. Air would be blown over a liquid solution which would absorb the carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide would then be extracted and subjected to chemical reactions that would turn it into fuel. Although they have not yet built a fuel factory, or even a small prototype, the scientists say it is all based on existing technology. “Everything in the concept has been built, is operating or has a close cousin that is operating.” Dr. Martin said. The proposal does not violate any laws of physics, and other scientists have independently suggested similar ideas.
In the efforts to reduce humanity’s emissions of carbon dioxide, three solutions have been offered: hydrogen-powered cars, electric cars and biofuels. Biofuels are gasoline substitutes produced from plants like corn or sugar cane. Plants absorb carbon dioxide as they grow, but growing crops for fuel takes up wide strips of land. Hydrogen-powered cars emit no carbon dioxide, but producing hydrogen requires energy, and if that energy comes from coal-fired power plants, then the problem has not been solved. The problem with electric cars is that they have typically been limited to a range of tens of miles as opposed to the hundreds of miles that can be driven on a tank of gas.
Gasoline, it turns out, is an almost ideal fuel (except that it produces carbon dioxide).If it can be made out of carbon dioxide in the air, the Los Alamos concept may mean there is little reason to switch, after all.
“It’s definitely worth pursuing,” said Martin I. Hoffert, a professor of physics at New York University. “It has a couple of pieces to it that are interesting.” Other scientists also said the proposal looked promising but could not evaluate it fully because the details had not been published.
36. What is most remarkable about the proposal made by the two scientists?
A. It is given a patriotic name.
B. No law of physics is violated.
C. It is based on existing technology.
D. Carbon dioxide can be converted into fuel.
37. What is the biggest problem with hydrogen-powered cars?
A. There is no cheap source of hydrogen.
B. There might be a safety problem in hydrogen production.
C. They may still be a cause of global warming.
D. They are not suitable for long-distance travel.
38. If what is proposed by the two scientists become true, _________.
A. air pollution will become a thing of the past
B. there will be no need for gasoline substitutes
C. people will be able to use much cheaper energy
D. there will be no more biofuel-powered vehicles
39. Which of the following can best describe the attitude of Martin I. Hoffert to the proposal?
A. Indifferent B. Positive
C. Suspicious D. Critical
40. The passage is mainly written to_________.
A. introduce a new concept
B. compare different energy sources
C. stress the importance of gasoline
D. discuss solutions to global warming
如果洛斯阿拉莫斯国家实验室的两名科学家是对的话，人们将会在今后五十年继续开汽油驱动的汽车，排放阻碍散热的二氧化碳到大气层，但是二氧化碳不会对地球变暖推波助澜。科学家F. Jeffrey Martin and William L. Kubic Jr. 现在提出一种观念，他们称之为“绿色自由”，这个概念就是将二氧化碳从空气中移除，并将其变回汽油。
“很明确，这个东西值得一用，” 一位纽约大学的物理学教授Martin I. Hoffert说道。“虽然这个理念很有意思，但是也有一些瑕疵。”其他科学家同时也指出此建议看上去很有前景，但是评估得不充分，因为一些细节还未发布。
【解析】 第一段最后一句话“The scientists, F. Jeffrey Martin … , which they have patriotically named Green Freedom for removing carbon dioxide from the air and turning it back into gasoline.”可以得出此答案。
【解析】原文提到If it can be made out of carbon dioxide in the air, the Los Alamos concept may mean there is little reason to switch, after all. 故正确答案应该选B。
【题意】下面哪一项最符合Martin I. Hoffert对于这个提议的态度?
【解析】原文最后一段提到“It’s definitely worth pursuing,” said Martin I. Hoffert, 故正确答案应该选B。